Children in need of a kidney transplant have had priority over older candidates for organs from young deceased donors since a policy called Share 35 was implemented in 2005. A new study in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology looks at the effects of this policy on pediatric kidney transplantation, particularly as they relate to race.
“We sought to examine whether the Share 35 allocation policy improved deceased donor transplant access for children across races equally, because in the past, black and Hispanic children with end stage renal disease have had reduced access to transplantation,” said lead author Sandra Amaral, MD, of the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. “We also wanted to understand overall access to transplantation, meaning access to both living and deceased donors, because there have been previous concerns that children are not receiving as many kidneys from living donors since the implementation of the Share 35 policy.”
Study coauthors include Rachel Patzer, PhD, Nancy Kutner, PhD, and William McClellan, MD (Emory University).
The article, entitled “Racial Disparities in Access to Pediatric Kidney Transplantation Since Share 35,” is online at http://jasn.asnjournals.org/, doi: 10.1681/ASN.2011121145.