Hemant Mehta, Wasiyeeullah Shaikh, Sanjiv Jasuja, and Gaurav Sagar
The South East Asian region (SEAR) and South Asian countries (SACs) are divided as high and high-middle economies (HEs), low and lower-middle economies (LEs), and countries not classified due to lack of data (1) (Figure 1). The association between kidney disease and economic status is complex and directly affects therapeutic management. A rising burden of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the region, with a high prevalence of smoking (11.8% in India), leads to the inter-related comorbidities for cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease (CKD).
South Asia and Southeast Asia regional depiction based on economy