Kidney Week 2014

Kidney Week 2014

Patients with stage 3 to 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD) assigned to an exercise/rehabilitation intervention have better maintenance of kidney function at one-year follow-up, according to preliminary research presented at Kidney Week 2014.

A total of 27 late-breaking clinical trials were presented at ASN Kidney Week 2014 in Philadelphia. These studies detailed new understandings and innovations in multiple therapeutic areas, including acute kidney injury (AKI), autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), dialysis, and diabetic nephropathy. This article highlights some of the leading science presented at the oral plenary High-Impact Clinical Trials session that potentially could influence the clinical approach of kidney health professionals in the United States and beyond.

Could differences in air quality contribute to the observed regional variations in chronic kidney disease (CKD)? A study presented at Kidney Week 2014 finds a higher prevalence of recognized CKD in counties of the United States with higher particulate air pollution.

Epidemiologist Jennifer L. Bragg-Gresham, PhD, of the University of Michigan and colleagues evaluated differences in pollutant levels—specifically, fine particles smaller than 2.5 µm (PM2.5)—as potentially contributing to regional differences in CKD prevalence.

Research presented at Kidney Week 2014 highlights dietary factors affecting kidney disease outcomes—including a study reporting that a “healthy diet” and lower sodium intake are associated with a reduced risk of major renal outcomes. Another report draws attention to the potentially high levels of potassium added to some “reduced-sodium” foods.