Findings

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Rates of peritonitis related to peritoneal dialysis (PD) vary significantly between countries, and between facilities within countries, reports a study in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

Higher consumption of fruit and vegetables and whole-grain foods is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a pair of studies in the British Medical Journal.

A prospective study of fruit and vegetable intake included 9754 individuals with incident type 2 diabetes, as well as a subcohort of 13,662 participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct study. The study included measurement of plasma biomarkers—vitamin C and carotenoids—of fruit and vegetable intake.

Disparities in waitlisting for kidney transplantation among African American patients are independent of medical factors, and even of social determinants of health, reports a study in Transplantation.

The average cost of procuring a deceased-donor kidney is $36,000, but the cost varies substantially between different organ procurement organizations (OPOs), concludes a study in the American Journal of Transplantation.

Among patients with CKD, those taking opioids have a higher rate of adverse outcomes than those taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), reports a study in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

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Higher-volume transplantation centers achieve better outcomes in children undergoing kidney transplantation, according to a study in Kidney Medicine.

The first 72 hours after diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) have a major impact on the long-term risk of kidney-specific outcomes, according to an analysis of prospective cohort data reported in JAMA Network Open.

Given before coronary angiography in high-risk patients, recombinant human C1-esterase-inhibitor (rhC1INH) reduces biomarkers for contrast-induced kidney injury, reports a trial in JACC: Cardiovscular Interventions.

For patients whose estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) declines to less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m2, continuing treatment with renin-angiotensin system blockers has continued cardiovascular benefits, suggests a study in JAMA Internal Medicine.

A video played at Alabama Department of Motorized Vehicles (DMV) facilities—specifically targeting African Americans—resulted in a modest but significant increase in organ donor registrations, reports a study in Transplantation.

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