Findings

Ambulatory blood pressure measurements are a consistently better predictor of mortality than clinic BP measurements, concludes a study in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Discarded and transplanted deceased-donor kidneys overlap considerably in quality, with many potentially transplantable organs being discarded, suggests a study in Kidney International.

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In young to middle-aged adults, higher fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) levels are independently associated with rising blood pressure levels over time, according to a report in Hypertension.

In patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, a restrictive fluid policy leads to an increased rate of acute kidney injury compared to liberal fluid therapy, while other outcomes are similar between groups, reports a study in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Older veterans receiving pre-ESRD nephrology care in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system have a lower rate of dialysis initiation—and lower mortality—than those receiving pre-ESRD care via Medicare, reports a study in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) can prevent hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission from HCV-infected kidney donors to noninfected recipients, according to an initial clinical trial in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Analysis of 24-hour urine samples from a large sample of US adults provides important baseline data on estimated sodium and potassium intake, reports a study in The Journal of the American Medical Association.

The cross-sectional study included 24-hour urine collections from 827 men and women aged 20 to 69 years. The subjects were drawn from the examination component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2014. The researchers estimated 24-hour urinary sodium and potassium excretion and their molar ratios.

One-year mortality is higher for hemodialysis patients starting carvedilol compared to those starting metoprolol, suggests a study in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

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A health promotion intervention in black-owned barbershops—incorporating medication management by pharmacists—reduces blood pressure in black men with uncontrolled hypertension, reports a study in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Early administration of caffeine citrate can reduce the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in preterm newborns, according to a study in JAMA Pediatrics.

The researchers analyzed data on a multicenter cohort of 675 preterm neonates enrolled in the “Assessment of Worldwide Acute Kidney Injury Epidemiology in Neonates” (AWAKEN). The infants were admitted to 24 participating level III or IV neonatal intensive care units. About 55% were male; mean gestational age was 28.9 weeks and mean birthweight 1285 g.

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