Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) can prevent hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission from HCV-infected kidney donors to noninfected recipients, according to an initial clinical trial in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Analysis of 24-hour urine samples from a large sample of US adults provides important baseline data on estimated sodium and potassium intake, reports a study in The Journal of the American Medical Association.

The cross-sectional study included 24-hour urine collections from 827 men and women aged 20 to 69 years. The subjects were drawn from the examination component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2014. The researchers estimated 24-hour urinary sodium and potassium excretion and their molar ratios.

One-year mortality is higher for hemodialysis patients starting carvedilol compared to those starting metoprolol, suggests a study in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.


A health promotion intervention in black-owned barbershops—incorporating medication management by pharmacists—reduces blood pressure in black men with uncontrolled hypertension, reports a study in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Early administration of caffeine citrate can reduce the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in preterm newborns, according to a study in JAMA Pediatrics.

The researchers analyzed data on a multicenter cohort of 675 preterm neonates enrolled in the “Assessment of Worldwide Acute Kidney Injury Epidemiology in Neonates” (AWAKEN). The infants were admitted to 24 participating level III or IV neonatal intensive care units. About 55% were male; mean gestational age was 28.9 weeks and mean birthweight 1285 g.

One-third of living-donor kidney transplant recipients are started on dialysis before transplantation—even while their donor’s evaluation is proceeding, reports a study in Transplantation.

In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, treatment with biologic agents is associated with a lower risk of declining renal function and chronic kidney disease (CKD), reports a study in Kidney International.

In older adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD), new anticoagulant therapy for atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risks of ischemic stroke and hemorrhage, reports a study in the British Medical Journal.

In both critically ill and non-critically ill adults, balanced crystalloids are associated with a lower risk of adverse renal events compared to saline, according to a pair of trials in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Urinary albumin excretion is independently associated with a range of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes, reports a study in JAMA Cardiology.