Overtreatment of type 2 diabetes is common and potentially harmful in older adults, according to a primary care study in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

Any history of childhood kidney disease is associated with a substantially increased risk of end stage renal disease (ESRD) in adulthood, reports a study from Israel in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels are associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes, according to a study in Kidney International.


For non-preemptive living donor kidney transplant recipients, longer pretransplant dialysis exposure is associated with a higher risk of allograft failure, reports a study in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

Since the 1990s, the risk of death has decreased for patients with end stage renal disease due to granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA-ESRD), reports a study in Arthritis Care & Research.

At mid- to long-term follow-up, living kidney donors are at significantly increased risk of end stage renal disease (ESRD) and preeclampsia, concludes a meta-analysis in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

A systematic review identified 52 observational studies comparing a broad range of health outcomes in living kidney donors, with follow-up of 1 to 24 years. Meta-analysis included 118,426 living kidney donors and 117,656 controls.

A salivary urea nitrogen (SUN) dipstick test is specific—but not sensitive—for diagnosis of obstetric-related acute kidney injury (AKI) in high-risk Malawian women, reports a study in the open-access journal Kidney International Reports.


Multilevel, multicomponent strategies provide the greatest reductions in blood pressure (BP) for patients with hypertension, concludes a meta-analysis in Annals of Internal Medicine.

In children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the kidney failure risk equation (KFRE) performs well in predicting the risk of progression to end stage renal disease (ESRD), concludes a study in JAMA Pediatrics.

For undocumented immigrants with end stage renal disease (ESRD), standard dialysis three times weekly reduces mortality and hospital days, compared to emergency-only dialysis, reports a study in The Journal of the American Medical Association.