Findings

Some groups of patients with clinically localized kidney tumors and severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk of adverse outcomes after partial nephrectomy (PN), according to a study in The Journal of Urology.

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Recent years have brought little progress toward reducing disparities in access to predialysis nephrology care among racial/ethnic minority patients in the United States, concludes a study in JAMA Network Open.

When more than one potential living kidney donor comes forward, it is more cost-effective to evaluate them all at once, rather than one at a time, reports a study in Kidney International.

The researchers created a simple decision tree to assess the economic impact of simultaneous versus sequential evaluation of multiple potential living kidney donors. In many transplant programs, donors are evaluated one at a time, to avoid the costs of performing unnecessary evaluations.

Primary aldosteronism is more common than previously recognized, and prevalence rises with severity of hypertension, reports a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Disparities in waitlisting for kidney transplantation among African American patients are independent of medical factors, and even of social determinants of health, reports a study in Transplantation.

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Rates of peritonitis related to peritoneal dialysis (PD) vary significantly between countries, and between facilities within countries, reports a study in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

Higher consumption of fruit and vegetables and whole-grain foods is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a pair of studies in the British Medical Journal.

A prospective study of fruit and vegetable intake included 9754 individuals with incident type 2 diabetes, as well as a subcohort of 13,662 participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct study. The study included measurement of plasma biomarkers—vitamin C and carotenoids—of fruit and vegetable intake.

The average cost of procuring a deceased-donor kidney is $36,000, but the cost varies substantially between different organ procurement organizations (OPOs), concludes a study in the American Journal of Transplantation.

Among patients with CKD, those taking opioids have a higher rate of adverse outcomes than those taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), reports a study in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

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Higher-volume transplantation centers achieve better outcomes in children undergoing kidney transplantation, according to a study in Kidney Medicine.

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