Preliminary Results Find Kidney Transplantation between HIV-Positive Patients Appear Promising

Among 27 HIV-positive patients in South Africa who underwent kidney transplantation, the rate of patient survival was 84% at 1 year, 84% at 3 years, and 74% at 5 years. The corresponding rates of graft survival were 93%, 84%, and 84%. Rejection rates were 8% at 1 year and 22% at 3 years, according to the NEJM study. HIV infection remained well controlled, with the virus undetectable in the blood post-transplantation. 

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Among 27 HIV-positive patients in South Africa who underwent kidney transplantation, the rate of patient survival was 84% at 1 year, 84% at 3 years, and 74% at 5 years. The corresponding rates of graft survival were 93%, 84%, and 84%. Rejection rates were 8% at 1 year and 22% at 3 years, according to the NEJM study. HIV infection remained well controlled, with the virus undetectable in the blood post-transplantation.