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Symptom Patterns in ESRD

  • 1 Chia-Ter Chao, MD, FASN, is with the Department of Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital Bei-Hu branch; the Nephrology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital; and College of Medicine, National Taiwan University.
  • | 2 Hung-Bin Tsai, MD, is with the Division of Hospital Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and the College of Medicine, National Taiwan University.
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Patient-reported outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)/ESRD have assumed increasing importance during recent years, because these factors also play a vital role in affecting outcomes, as do traditional survival determinants. A comprehensive understanding of measurements coming directly from patients is expected to assist physicians in improving patient care and facilitate patients in optimizing their decision-making processes. Incorporating patients’ viewpoints and ameliorating their discomfort throughout the course of CKD and even the dialysis career constitute an important aim for optimal supportive care for renal patients. Furthermore, when CKD patients are required to choose between the option of dialysis or

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