• 1

    Herrington W, et al.. Evidence for reverse causality in the association between blood pressure and cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic kidney disease. Hypertension 2017; 69:314322.

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2

    Agarwal R. Exploring the paradoxical relationship of hypertension with mortality in chronic hemodialysis. Hemodial Int 2004; 8:207213.

  • 3

    Baigent C, et al.. The effects of lowering LDL cholesterol with simvastatin plus ezetimibe in patients with chronic kidney disease (Study of Heart and Renal Protection): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2011; 377:21812192.

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4

    Park M, et al.. Associations between kidney function and subclinical cardiac abnormalities in CKD. J Am Soc Nephrol 2012; 23:17251734.

  • 5

    The SPRINT Research Group: A randomized trial of intensive versus standard blood-pressure control. N Engl J Med 2015; 373:21032116.

Why Is Low Blood Pressure Related to Increased Cardiovascular Risk in CKD?

Study Suggests “Reverse Causality” from Subclinical Cardiac Disease

Restricted access