• Figure 1.

    Sonogram of a kidney obstructed by a ureteral stone, showing dilated calyces.

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    O’Neill WC. Sonographic evaluation of renal failure. Am J Kidney Dis 2000; 35:10211038.

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    Buturović-Ponikvar J, Visnar-Perovic A. Ultrasonography in chronic renal failure. Eur J Radiol 2003; 46:115122.

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    Gottlieb RH, Weinberg EP, Rubens DJ, et al.. Renal sonography: can it be used more selectively in the setting of an elevated serum creatinine level? Am J Kidney Dis 1997; 29:362367.

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    O’Neill WC, Baumgarten DA. Ultrasonography in renal transplantation. Am J Kidney Dis 2002; 39:663678.

ULTRASONOGRAPHY: A Skill For Nephrologists

Elvira O. Gosmanova
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W. Charles O’Neill
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