Rapid Drop in COVID-19 Antibodies for Dialysis Patients

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A nationwide data analysis confirms that SARS-CoV-2 antibody responses to vaccination decrease rapidly in dialysis patients, leaving them at risk of breakthrough infection, reports Annals of Internal Medicine.

The researchers analyzed real-world data on 4791 patients receiving care in a large US network of dialysis facilities. Residual plasma from routine monthly tests performed at a central laboratory was used to measure qualitative and quantitative antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain (RBD). The analysis began in January 2021, before COVID-19 vaccines were widely available. By mid-September 2021, 2563 patients were fully vaccinated.

Trends in antibody levels were assessed, including the