Al-AttarBA. History of development of nephrology. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 1996; 7:373–377. https://www.sjkdt.org/article.asp?issn=1319-2442;year=1996;volume=7;issue=4;spage=373;epage=377;aulast=Al-Attar)| false
StrattaP, et al.The concept of ‘glomerulonephritis.’ The fascinating history of evolution and emergence of a specialist's nosology focus on Italy and Torino. Am J Nephrol1999; 19:83–91. doi: 10.1159/000013431
StrattaP, The concept of ‘glomerulonephritis.’ The fascinating history of evolution and emergence of a specialist's nosology focus on Italy and Torino. Am J Nephrol 1999; 19:83–91. doi: 10.1159/00001343110.1159/000013431)| false
Hippocrates. Engraving based on drawing by Peter Paul Rubens. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD (CC by 4.0).
Portrait of Richard Bright from Thomas Joseph Pettigrew, Medical Portrait Gallery, vol. 2 (1838).
Nephrology is a relatively young specialty. It emerged in the second half of the 20th century, with the rise of kidney biopsy, dialysis, and transplantation. Although kidneys have been studied since antiquity, stones and obstruction were a dominant focus. Urology books from 1739 mention the only treatment of anuria as bladder catheterization (1). So, how did the study of glomerular diseases rise as a cornerstone of