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A Practical Patient-Centric Approach to the Peritoneal Dialysis Prescription

  • 1 Sehrish Ali, DO, is an assistant professor of medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, TX. Natasha Dave, MD, is a nephrologist at the Bruce W. Carter VA Medical Center in Miami, FL. Ankur Shah, MD, is an assistant professor of medicine at Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University in Providence, RI.
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Once the decision to pursue peritoneal dialysis (PD) is made, two primary modalities are available from which patients can choose: continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) and ambulatory PD (APD). CAPD involves manually performed exchanges using gravity to fill and drain the peritoneal cavity, and APD involves exchanges that are performed using a cycler over several hours, typically during the night. The selection of a PD modality is dependent on an individual's lifestyle because there is no difference in patient and technique survival (1).

Subtypes of APD include continuous cycling PD (CCPD), nightly intermittent PD (NIPD), and tidal PD (TPD)

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