In Peritoneal Dialysis, Substantial Variations in Peritonitis Rates

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Rates of peritonitis related to peritoneal dialysis (PD) vary significantly between countries, and between facilities within countries, reports a study in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

The researchers analyzed data on 7051 adult PD patients at 209 facilities in seven countries, drawn from the prospective, observational Peritoneal Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (PDOPPS). Peritonitis rates were assessed at the country and facility levels, and associations with selected facility practices were assessed.

The data included 2272 episodes of peritonitis: crude rate 0.28 episodes per patient-year. Peritonitis rates varied within countries, exceeding 0.50 per patient-year at 10% of