• Figure 1.

    Arteriovenous cannulation techniques

  • Figure 2.

    Protocol for antiseptic arteriovenous fi stula cannulation when the buttonhole technique is used

  • Figure 3.

    Recommended antiseptic protocol for arteriovenous decannulation when the buttonhole technique is used

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Buttonhole Cannulation of Arteriovenous Fistulas: A Prickly Problem

Michele H. Mokrzycki Michele H. Mokrzycki, MD, MS, FASN, is chair of the Vascular Access Workgroup, Nephrologists Transforming Dialysis Safety initiative of the American Society of Nephrology, and a professor of medicine at the Montefiore Einstein College of Medicine.

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