Patients Starting Peritoneal Dialysis: Where Are They 5 Years Later?

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Only 1 out of 7 patients who initiate peritoneal dialysis (PD) in the United States are still on PD at 5 years’ follow-up, reports a study in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

The retrospective study included 25,573 adults who initiated PD from 2008 through 2011, identified via the US Renal Data System (USRDS). Five-year follow-up data were analyzed to assess the proportion of patients transferring to hemodialysis (HD), along with the competing outcomes of death and kidney transplant. The patients’ mean age was 58 years: 56% were male, 71% white, and 22% African American. Mean baseline estimated