Otherwise-healthy adolescents with hypertension are at double the risk of developing end stage renal disease (ESRD) as adults, reports a study in JAMA Internal Medicine.
The retrospective study included nearly 2.7 million healthy Israeli youth, aged 16 to 19, who underwent medical evaluation before military conscription from 1967 through 2013. Sixty percent of participants were male. The mean age was 17.4 years. The analysis excluded those with evidence of kidney damage or risk factors for kidney disease. Adolescent hypertension was evaluated for association with ESRD diagnosed from 1990 through 2014, based on national registry data.