How Does Neighborhood Social Context Affect CKD Risk?

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Neighborhood problems and social cohesion are not directly related to decline in kidney function over timeā€”but are still linked to significant differences in chronic kidney disease (CKD) risk factors, according to a study in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

The study included data on 6814 men and women from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Participants were 45 to 84 years old (mean 62 years) and free of cardiovascular disease when they enrolled in MESA in 2000-02. Forty percent of participants were white, 27% black, 22% Hispanic, and 12% Chinese.

A neighborhood problem score was calculated using