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ASN Kidney Week 2017 Podcast: Day 3

Please listen while ASN President Eleanor D. Lederer MD, FASN, discusses Day 3 of Kidney Week 2017 with Martin Pollak, MD, Richard Coward, MBChB, PhD, and Devika Nair, MD.

Late-breaking Clincial Trials: Air pollution causes millions of cases of kidney disease each year

Highlights

  • The estimated global burden of chronic kidney disease attributable to fine particulate matter is more than 10.7 million cases per year.

Late-breaking Clincial Trials: VA patients face disparities in kidney transplantation

Highlights

  • From 2004 to 2016, VA patients had lower rates of transplantation compared with patients with Medicare or private insurance.
  • VA patients also had a higher rate of mortality on the waiting list compared with privately insured patients.

Late-breaking Clincial Trials: A history of kidney stones may contribute to certain complications during pregnancy

Highlights

  • In young women, a history of kidney stones was associated with metabolic and hypertensive complications.

Late-breaking Clincial Trials: Reflux medications linked to chronic kidney disease and kidney failure

Highlights

  • In an analysis of published studies, individuals who used proton pump inhibitors had a 33% increased relative risk of developing chronic kidney disease or kidney failure when compared with non-users.

Late-breaking Clincial Trials: Study finds racial differences in link between depression and early death in kidney disease patients

Highlights

  • In white patients with chronic kidney disease, those with depressive symptoms had a higher risk of early death than those without depressive symptoms. This risk was much lower after accounting for use of anti-depressants, however.
  • In black patients, the presence of depressive symptoms was not linked to risk of death.

Late-breaking Clincial Trials: In hypertensive patients, greater blood pressure drops may harm the kidneys

Highlights

  • In patients treated for hypertension, greater reductions in mean blood pressure were linked with reduced kidney function.

Late-breaking Clincial Trials: Non-medical factors affect racial disparities in kidney transplant wait-listing

Highlights

  • In a recent analysis, African American patients were less likely to be wait-listed than White patients.  This difference was influenced by factors including age, comorbidities, socio-economic status, being on dialysis, having a living donor, transplant knowledge, and social support.

Late-breaking Clincial Trials: Insomnia linked with early death and kidney dysfunction

Highlights

  • Insomnia was linked with increased risks of early death, rapid kidney function decline, and kidney failure in a group of US veterans.
  • Results from the study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2017 October 31–November 5 at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, LA.

Late-breaking Clincial Trials: Nighttime blood pressure may predict risk of kidney failure in children with kidney disease

Highlights

  • Among children with impaired kidney function, those with high blood pressure at night experienced a faster time to kidney failure than children with normal blood pressure. This decline was even more pronounced in patients with high blood pressure during both day and night when compared with children with normal blood pressure.
  • Results from the study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2017 October 31–November 5 at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, LA.

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