Kidney Week 2013

Kidney Week 2013

Meditation could be a valuable, low-cost, nonpharmacologic intervention for reducing blood pressure and adrenaline levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) according to research presented at Kidney Week 2013. Because CKD patients have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease, in part due to increased sympathetic nervous system activity, Jeanie Park, MD, of Emory University School of Medicine and her colleagues (1) investigated the technique to determine if it could help control hypertension and reduce this risk.

A Mediterranean diet may be beneficial for not only heart health, but kidney health as well. This is the conclusion of a new long-term study presented at Kidney Week 2013 that found individuals following a regimen similar to a Mediterranean diet reduced their risk for developing chronic kidney disease (CKD) and for rapid decline in kidney function. Although the diet’s heart health benefits have received public attention, it has been unknown if this diet confers any nephroprotective effects.

A dipstick that uses the saliva of an individual with suspected acute kidney injury (AKI) can quickly and accurately detect and diagnose AKI, without the need for laboratory facilities. The novel test strip, described in research presented at ASN Kidney Week (1), could help preserve the kidney health of millions of individuals in developing countries and help first responders in natural disaster zones make a fast diagnosis to help save kidney function and lives.

Results of a late-breaking clinical trial presented at Kidney Week 2013 show that atenolol-based antihypertensive therapy may be superior to lisinopril-based therapy in preventing cardiovascular morbidity and all-cause hospitalizations among maintenance dialysis patients. The trial was terminated early in September by the data safety monitoring committee when it became clear that lisinopril was associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular events.

New research on the sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCC) and its mechanisms provides a clearer understanding of how a typical Western diet—high in sodium and low in potassium—could promote hypertension. In a study presented at Kidney Week 2013, Andrew Terker, an MD/PhD student at the Oregon Health & Science University, and coworkers found this diet profile may play a role in the development of hypertension in an NCC-dependent manner.

For the first time, ASN partnered with the American Kidney Fund (AKF) to kick off Kidney Week with a free kidney health screening and public awareness event. Kidney Action Day was held at downtown Atlanta’s Underground and featured fitness, nutrition, and health education in addition to screenings and advice from volunteer health professionals from local institutions including Emory University School of Medicine.