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Implementing interventions to optimize patients’ readiness for surgery was associated with reduced risk of mortality and morbidity, shorter intubation times, and shorter hospital stays for urgent patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

The development of midlife diabetes was linked with a 19% greater cognitive decline over 20 years compared to no diabetes in an analysis of the community-based ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study. Study participants with poorly controlled diabetes experienced cognitive decline approximately 5 years sooner than healthy individuals of the same age. Also, longer-duration diabetes was associated with greater late-life cognitive decline.